Geography

At Sunnyfields we are teaching Geography according to the New Curriculum (introduced in September 2014). We believe that high-quality teaching of geography should inspire in children a curiousity and fascination about the world and its inhabitants that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. In order to achieve this, we strive to ensure that our approach to teaching Geography enables all children to develop their contextual knowledge as well as a competence in geographical skills.

Children at Sunnyfields start learning Geography in Foundation Stage when they start building their understanding of geographical enquiry. which at this stage involves practical and investigative learning, focusing on exploration and expression of ideas about both physical and human environments with which young children interrelate. Children start developing their geographical understanding in Nursery by the study of place - their immediate locality and more distant places, moving eventually (at the end of Reception) to the study of the wider world. Throughout the Foundation Stage, children are introduced t othe study of Geography through small-scale trips (e.g. to the school's Ecology Garden), studying maps, globes and atlases as well as creating their own simple maps (for example by drawing the route the wolf had taken in "The Three Little Pigs") and investigating the weather processes.

 

In Key Stage 1 children focus on developing their knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their own locality - they learn to locate the seven continents and five oceans while studying about the countries of the United Kingdom and their capital cities. Children develop their knowledge of the human and physical geography of the United Kingdom by comparing it to a contrasting non-European country.

 

 

When children move to Key Stage 2, their learning extends beyond the local area and they develop their knowledge and understanding of the United Kingdom, Europe, as well as North and South America. Their learning at this stage focuses in the environmental, physical and human features of regions, countries and major cities.

 

 

Teachers at Sunnyfields strive to ensure that learning Geography is always involving and fun. For example, when investigating volcanoes in Reception, children made their own model of a volcano and created an eruption. We also believe that fieldwork is at the core of geographical investigation, so we make sure that children are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge to observe and record theor findings about features studied. When studying rivers, Year 5 children took a trip to the River Lea to develop a better understanding of the topic.

Throughout the school, we ensure that children are encouraged to ask and answer questions about the natural and human world. By providing a stimulating and rich Geography curriculum for all Key Stages we promote the development of knowledge of places and environments on a local, national and global scale.

Sunnyfields has been awarded the Primary Geography Mark in recognition of the commitment to "ensuring lively and geaographical learning in school".

 

Objectives Of Geography Units

Year 1

The Weather

  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in UK
  • Identify the location of hot and cold areas of the world
  • Develop early locational knowledge and geographical skills in relation to climates around the world
  • Learn about the continents, the poles and the 5 climate zones

Local Area

  • Name and locate the world's seven continents and five oceans
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key human features
  • Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of the school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment

Australia

  • Use maps to name, locate and identify the Australian country and its neighbours
  • Learn about the weather and climaet in Australia and compare it to the UK
  • Learn about the physical and human geography of Australia and compare it to the UK
  • Learn about the Australian culture and how it impacts the people
  • Use maps and compass to navigate around the map of Australia

 

Year 2

Great Britain

  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas
  • Name, locate and identify the important landmarks in UK
  • Use aerial images and other models to create simple plans and maps, using symbols
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom
  • Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to descrive the routes on a UK map eg. London Underground

Here and there (England and Kenya)

  • Use maps to name, locate and identify the African country and its neighbours
  • Learn about the weather and climate in Kenya and compare it to UK
  • Learn about the physical and human geography of Kenya and compare it to the UK
  • Learn about the people, wildlife and different landscapes and compare it to the UK
  • Learn about the Kenyan culture and how it impacts the people
  • Use maps and a compass navigate around the map of Kenya

Antarctica

  • Name, locate and identify the continent and its surrounding seas using maps and globes
  • Identify and learn about the climate in Antarctica
  • Learn about the physical and human geography in Antarctica and compare it to the UK
  • Identify and use basic geographical vocabulary to describe the hot and cold areas of the world
  • Learn and understand the effects of climate change in Antarctica and its impact on the people and animals

Year 3

Greece

  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to name, locate and identify the country and its neighbouring countrise and seas and describe the features studied
  • Use symbols and keys (OS maps) to build the knowledge of the European country
  • Learn about and descrive the key aspects of physical geography including rivers, mountains and vegetation belts
  • Learn about and describe the key aspects of human geography including types of settlement and land use; and look at natural resources including food, minerals and water
  • Use observational skills to measure, record and present the human and physical features in Greece using a range of methods uncliding sketch maps, plans, graphs and digital technologies
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences between the physical and human features of Greece and compare it to the UK

Tobago

  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital mapping to name, locate and identify the country and its neighbouring countries and seas and describe the features studied
  • Use symbols and keys (OS maps) to build the knowledge of the Caribbean island country
  • Learn about and describe the key aspects of physical geography including rivers, mountains and vegetation belts
  • Learn about and describe the key aspects of human geography including types of settlement and lang use; and look at natural resources including food, minerals and water as well as trade links
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences between the physical and human features of Tobago and compare it to the UK
  • Use observational skills to measure, record and present the human physical features in Tobago using a range of methods including sketch maps, plans, graphs and digital technologies. 

River Nile

 
  • Use maps, globes and atlases to name, locate and identify the journet of the River Nile and the countries it passes through
  • Learn about and understand the physical geography of the river and its impact on the people
  • Learn about and understand the human geography of the river and its impact on the people
  • Understand the similarities and differences between the River Nile and River Thames in UK
  • Use observational skills to measure, record, describe and present the features studied in a range of formats eg. maps, planns, digital technologies etc.

Year 4

 

Volcanoes and earthquakes

  • Name, locate and identify the world's volcanoes and earthquake prone areas using globes, maps and atlases and describe the features studied
  • Identify the key physical features of a volcano
  • Identify the human geography within a volcanic and earthquake environment including types of settlement and land use

  • Identify how volcanoes and earthquakes are formed in relation to tectonic plates
  • Causes and effect of earthquakes and volcanoes on the human and physical geopgraphy of the area

Mountains

  • Name and locate the famous mountains around the world using maps, globes and atlases
  • Understand the geographical similarities and differences between the mountain ranges in two contrasting areas
  • Understand and explore the physical features of a mountain and how they are formed including rivers, gorges, waterfalls etc
  • Describe and understand the key human features of mountain ranges including types of settlements land use
  • Use field work and observational skills to measure, record and present the features studied using sketch maps, plans, digital technologies etc.

Water/The Water Cycle

  • Name, locate and identify the earth's seas and oceans using maps, globes and atlases
  • Identify and explore the different uses of water eg., irrigation and agriculture, hydroelectricity etc.
  • Identify the reasons for water shortages and its impact  locally and globally
  • Identify causes and effects of flooding
  • Identify the features of the water cycle - its impact on human geography
  • Explore habitat changes due to water shortages or floods

Year 5

Central America

  • Using maps, globes and atlases, name, locate and identify Mexico, the Yucatan peninsula, its neighbouring countries and seas and describe the features studied
  • Identify the Tropic of Cancer, its longitude and latitude and different timezones
  • Use 8 point compass and 6 grid references on OS maps, keys and symbols to build the knowledge of the American country
  • Learn about and describe the key aspects of physical geography including rivers, mountains and vegetation belts
  • Learn about and describe the key aspects of human geography including types of settlement and land use; and look at natural resources including food, minerals and water
  • Use observational skills to measure, record and present the human and physical features in Central America using a range of methods including sktech maps, plans, graphs and digital technologies
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences between the physical and human features of Central America and compare it to the UK

Rivers

  • Use maps, globes and atlases to name, locate and identify the different rivers around the world
  • Understand how rovers are formed through an explanation of the processes of erosion/deposition
  • Understand, use and describe various parts of a river and its features using geographical vocabulary such as source, tributary and delta
  • Learn about and describe the key aspects of human geography including types of settlement and water use; and look at natural resources including food, minerals etc. found near rivers
  • Explore the effects and causes of river pollution and how it can be reduced
  • Using fieldwork, explore, observe, measure and record findings of a local river (River Lea) and compare it to the River Amazon

 

The UK

  • Use maps, globes and atlases; 4 and 6 grid references; 8 point compass, latitude and longitude to locate and identify the countries and main cities in the UK and its surrounding seas
  • Explore and understand the human geography within the UK including the area, population, life expectancy, settlement and land use
  • Explore and understand the physical geography within the UK including the riversm, mountains, seas, natural resources etc. 
  • Identiify and explore the different counties in Britain and investigate a main city (London) in relation to its area, population, etc.
  • Understand and explore the different climate zones in UK and its impact on the human and physical geography od the country
  • Compare UK map over time - during Tudor times and now

 

 

 

Year 6

Investigating coasts

 
  • Identify the different coastal areas in the UK - use maps, atlases, globals etc. Compare it with coastal areas in Europe
  • Identify, explore and investigate the towns, cities and beaches in the UK
  • Explore how coasts are formed - look at the processes of erosion/deposition
  • Identify and explore the physical geography of a coast including coastal stackks, arches and caves. Also identify how erosion has formed these features and the impact of human activity these physical features
  • Explore and identify the causes and effects of flooding and land damage. Find out about coastal management studies like using groynes, gabions and revetments, and how they are used to protect the constantly changing coasts
  • Identify and explore the human geography of a coast - the impact of human activity and changes in land use

Our local area

  • Investigate, compare and contrast with another town in the UK
  • Describe and understand the key aspects of physical geography of the local area - rivers, climate zomes, biomes, vegetation belts and upland areas
  • Describe and understand the key aspects of human geography of the local area - types of land settlement, land use, economic activity including trade links
  • Describe and understand the distribution of natural resources withinn the local area including energy, food, minerals and water
  • Use 8 point compass, 4 and 6 figure grid references, symbols and keys to build the knowledge of the local area and its relation to the UK
  • Use fieldwork (trip to Bekonscot) to observe, measure, record, compare and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies

 

Our Geography Displays
Years 3 and 4 Have Enjoyed Orienteering in Golders Hill Park